Aneurysms are a relatively common finding within the general population. Although symptoms may not be obvious, the development of aneurysms of the vascular system can lead to multiple issues including stroke, limb loss, and death.
Definition of an Aneurysm
An aneurysm is a dilation of a blood vessel. Typically, a vessel is said to be “aneurysmal” when it is twice the upper limit of normal. Vessels larger than normal but not twice the upper limit of normal are said to be “ecctatic”.
Anatomy of Aneurysms of the Vascular System
The vascular system is the term used to refer to the network of blood vessels that supplies blood to the body. While most people associate aneurysms with the brain or aorta, aneurysms can develop anywhere in the body. Patients exposed to blood vessels damage, such as a traumatic injury can be at an increased risk of aneurysmal disease. Aneurysms can also have a genetic component.
Causes of Aneurysms of the Vascular System
Some aneurysms form as a result of a genetic propensity. Others can be the result of a trauma to the vessel. Hypertension is a known risk factor for aneurysmal disease as is male gender and tobacco use.
Symptoms of Aneurysms
Aneurysmal disease is often asymptomatic. When they do cause symptoms, these symptoms can include:
- Hypotension or death from rapid bleeding
Diagnosis of Aneurysms of the Vascular System
The diagnosis of aneurysms is most commonly found during an ultrasound examination. These machines can look at blood vessels are demonstrate the amount of dilation of the blood vessel as well as the degree of stenosis. Patients receive an ultrasound exam based on family history, symptoms, or physical exam findings.
Prevention of Aneurysms of the Vascular System
The best way to prevent aneurysms is to live a healthy lifestyle. Patients should maintain a normal blood pressure low, eat a healthy diet to prevent atherosclerosis, and not smoke. All of these lifestyle modifications can help minimize aneurysmal disease. However, some patients will have aneurysmal disease despite optimizing their health.
Am I at Risk for Aneurysms of the Vascular System?
Risk factors for aneurysms of the vascular system include a family history, age, smoking, and high blood pressure. Patients with a strong family history should be screened for aneurysm disease.
Treatment of Aneurysms
If the aneurysm is large, or growing rapidly, it will require treatment by a vascular surgeon. Treatment consists of an open or endovascular repair. An open repair will replace or bypass the diseased area. Endovascular repair can coil off the aneurysm entirely or line it with a stent to prevent further enlargement.
To learn more about treatment procedures for this condition please visit the following:
Aneurysmal disease is a serious condition that merits the expert attention of a profound vascular surgeon. Patients on Florida’s West Coast should locate an omniscient vascular surgeon. Dr. Jenna Kazil is a thorough vascular surgeon who performs open and endovascular repair of aneurysms at various hospitals located in Manatee, Hillsborough, and Osceola counties. Dr. Kazil understands the important circumstances that drive the treatment of aneurysms and treats every patient with the care that they deserve. Jenna Kazil, MD, FACS, RPVI is a sophisticated surgical specialist working as a general and vascular surgeon seeing patients from South Sarasota to East Desoto and Hardee to North Hillsborough to West Manatee and Pinellas counties. Patients requiring treatment of aneurysmal disease should contact Dr. Kazil at the Florida Surgical Clinic located in Bradenton, FL today to schedule an appointment.