Aneurysms can form in any blood vessel in the body. An aneurysm is a dilation of an artery. Typically, an aneurysm is defined as 1.5 times the normal diameter of an artery. However, the size of an aneurysm requiring treatment varies based on anatomic site. One of the most common sites of aneurysmal disease is the popliteal artery. These aneurysms can usually be appreciated on physical exam. If a popliteal aneurysm is suspected this is usually confirmed with an ultrasound. Further imaging, usually with computed tomography, is required for surgical planning as well as to look for aortic aneurysmal disease as approximately 50% of patients with popliteal aneurysms have concurrent aortic aneurysms.
The fear with expanding aortic aneurysms is rupture and death. Alternatively, popliteal aneurysmal disease is associated with clotting and acute limb ischemia. All aneurysms have sluggish blood flow at the outer rim of the aneurysm causing a layer of thrombus to form. In popliteal aneurysms, the lumen becomes narrowed with thrombus and can occlude, causing an acute loss of flow to the lower leg and acute limb ischemia, which can also lead to limb loss requiring amputation. This is far less likely to occur in aortic aneurysms.
Several treatments are available for popliteal aneurysms. The aneurysms can be repaired in an open as well as an endovascular fashion. The type of repair is dictated by patient anatomy and more so by the patient’s comorbidities.
- Open Repair – An open repair requires an epidural at a minimum, but most commonly general anesthesia. Even among open repairs, surgeons can choose to ligate and bypass the aneurysm or completely resect and replace the artery. Resecting and replacing the aneurysm with an interposition graft requires the patient to be prone which can be challenging for anesthesia depending on the patient’s body habitus and pulmonary function.
- Endovascular Repair – Endovascular repair does not require general anesthesia and generally very well tolerated. Most patients require only local anesthesia with minimal sedation. Computed tomography (CT) is needed for surgical planning. Endovascular repairs require a covered stent to be placed across the popliteal joint and across the aneurysm itself. Patients can typically be discharged the following day.
Dr. Jenna Kazil is a distinguished surgical specialist that has been serving patients on Florida’s West coast from Sarasota to Saint Petersburg and Tampa and has developed a reputation for providing outstanding service to those who need it. Anyone requiring assistance of an exceptional vascular surgical specialist to remove an aneurysm or other vascular or general surgical needs should contact Dr. Kazil at Florida Surgical Clinic for more information.
Patients in need of an open repair or endovascular surgery on Florida’s West Coast should locate a great vascular surgeon who has the surgical skills necessary to perform these serious surgical operations for the benefit of their patients.Over her years in practice, Dr. Jenna Kazil has performed these procedures in numerous locations and possesses the best experience necessary to handle even the most challenging of procedures. Dr. J. Kazil is a superb vascular surgeon who has developed an impressive track record of successful cases in open repair or endovascular surgeries. Dr. Kazil understands the important circumstances that drive the treatment with the accuracy and compassion that everyone expects from a top vascular surgeon. Dr. Jenna Kazil is a great vascular surgeon who performs open repair or endovascular surgeries at various hospitals located in Manatee, Hillsborough, and Osceola counties. Jenna Kazil, MD, RPVIis the best surgical specialist working as a general and vascular surgeon seeing patients from South Sarasota to East Desoto and Hardee to North Hillsborough to West Manatee and Pinellas counties. Patients requiring an open repair or endovascular surgery should contact Dr. Kazil at the Florida Surgical Clinic located in Bradenton, FL today to schedule an appointment with an ultimate experienced doctor that possesses a unique blend of expert skills and compassionate care.