Blood travels through the body in a complex network of arteries and veins. Any damage to this system can result in catastrophic events.
Definition of Vascular Trauma
Vascular trauma is defined as any physical insult that damages the integrity of the network of blood vessels that flows throughout the human body.
Anatomy of Vascular Trauma
The body’s vascular system is made up of a network of arteries, veins, and capillaries. The arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to other organs and tissue. In the organ beds, the vessels become smaller and smaller until only one red blood cell can travel at time. These are the capillaries. The blood returns to the heart via the venous system to be pumped out once again.
Causes of Vascular Trauma
There are numerous causes of vascular trauma and these can range from blunt force trauma that sheers blood vessels to occlude or transect them to penetrating trauma such as stabbings and gun shot wounds that cause life threatening bleeding.
Symptoms of Vascular Trauma
The symptoms will vary depending on the severity of the trauma. There is usually pain if the patient is conscious. There can be decreased pulses in the affected extremity or excessive bleeding depending on the circumstances. For patients with severe bleeding, they usually have elevated heart rates and decreased blood pressures. The patient will likely feel cold and possibly be pale in appearance. If the blood loss has been significant, the patient may lose consciousness.
Diagnosis of Vascular Trauma
The diagnosis of vascular trauma is made using a combination of clinical findings and imaging techniques. Imaging scans include ultrasound and computed tomography to identify bleeding sources as well as damaged vessels.
Prevention of Vascular Trauma
The best way to avoid vascular trauma is to avoid situations or accidents that could place the patient at risk of physical injury.
Am I At Risk for Vascular Trauma?
Anyone who is regularly exposed to situations where they could get hurt is at risk for vascular trauma.
Treatment of Vascular Trauma
If the patient is bleeding, the physician will immediately start IV fluids to replace the volume loss and maintain the patient’s blood pressure. Depending on the injury, it can be treated with endovascular or open techniques. Each situation is different and requires individualized treatment.
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Bleeding from a vascular trauma is a serious life-threatening situation that needs to be stopped as soon as possible to preserve the body’s ability to deliver oxygen. Surgeons like Dr. Jenna Kazil spend years training to stop bleeding as quickly as possible. Patients in need of embolization of emergent bleeding on Florida’s West Coast should locate a superior vascular surgeon who has the surgical skills necessary to perform these serious surgical operations for the benefit of their patients. Dr. J. Kazil is a high-caliber vascular surgeon who has developed an impressive track record of successful cases in treating vascular trauma. Dr. Kazil understands the important circumstances that drive the treatment with the accuracy and compassion that everyone expects from a first-rate vascular surgeon. Jenna Kazil, MD, FACS, RPVI is a five-star surgical specialist working as a vascular and general surgeon seeing patients from South Sarasota to East Desoto and Hardee to North Hillsborough to West Manatee and Pinellas counties. Patients requiring a paramount vascular surgeon should contact Dr. Kazil at the Florida Surgical Clinic located in Bradenton, FL today to schedule an appointment with a unique experienced doctor that possesses a unique blend of expert skills and sympathetic care.